CISCO forecast for global internet traffic including an explanation of the methodology.
Examines a new strategy for further reductions in standby, the “Standzero” option, which encourages electrical products to operate without relying on mains-supplied electricity.
Technology Assessment of the internet of things inlcuding privacy, security, safety and other issues.
This study is the first of a multi-part effort to explore the energy reporting capability of commercially-marketed PoE connected lighting systems.
Examines cost-effective energy savings that smart buildings can achieve. Describes the functions and applications of smart technologies in existing commercial buildings,how they differ from conventional technologies, and how much energy they can save.
US Government strategy for the Internet of Things (IoT)
Developed by the Connected Devices Alliance, these principles address the energy efficiency of network-connected devices. They include: Design Principles for designers, manufacturers and protocol authors; and Policy Principles for policy-makers.
“Energy aware” devices refers to a set of technologies that can self-report their own energy-consumption. This report presents information and analysis of policy and program opportunities to encourage energy aware devices.
This report of the IEA-4E Solid State Lighting Annex focuses on residential smart lighting, with identification and measurement of energy consumption (such as standby power) associated with the new features incorporated into these products.
Link to documents published as part of the EU prep study on smart appliances, in the framework of Ecodesign. Analysis of all technical, economic, environmental, market and societal aspects that are relevant for a broad introduction of smart appliances.
This third annual report provides a summary of developments for the previous calendar year, for the US Voluntary Agreement for Ongoing Improvement to the Energy Efficiency of Set-Top Boxes.
This third annual report provides a summary of developments for the previous calendar year, for the US Voluntary Agreement for Ongoing Improvement to the Energy Efficiency of Small Network Equipment.
Investigates the potential energy and cost savings of a variety of smart home technologies, including lighting, HVAC, appliances and home energy management systems. Discusses the results of modeling of benefits and cost-effectiveness.
Extension of 4E EDNA study to investigate the network standby power of IoT devices. This report further assesses IoT communications technologies and related standardization activities, and proposes policy options to minimize network standby energy.
4E EDNA study which examines the standby energy used by connected audio products.
Communicates the results of a scoping exercise undertaken by the Connected Devices Alliance, to scope measurement methodologies for quantifying the energy savings from real-world intelligent efficiency projects and products
This LBNL report estimates historical data center electricity consumption back to 2000, relying on previous studies and historical shipment data, and forecasts consumption out to 2020 based on new trends and the most recent data available.
Describes the evolution towards the Networked Society, of IoT and other connected ICT equipment. It includes historic and future projections of device connectivity. Updated regularly at http://www.ericsson.com/mobility-report
This discussion paper considers the nature of growth in data traffic across the Internet, as a basis for asking whether and how such growth might be limited in order to conserve energy.
CLASP paper which provides a glimpse into use of direct current power supplies in commercial and residential buildings, to power a range of equipment including connected lighting.
This IEA-4E EDNA report provides an overview of the market for key Internet of Things (IoT) products and their impact on worldwide energy consumption. It describes the potential for energy savings, including the selection of appropriate communication tec
This IEA-4E EDNA policy brief synthesizes key insights from the EDNA IoT report of the same name.
This report by the Consumer Technology Association analyses the energy saving potential of a range of home automation technologies.
This IEA-4E EDNA technical report explores parasitic energy use of smart meters and energy monitoring systems.
European Commission Strategy for the Internet of Things (IoT) (Draft)
Examines the development of a suitable single data model for building interoperability, including how numerical information and other data from sensors and devices could be described in a standard way.
This ACEEE report analyses the potential of ICT technologies to change the way energy efficiency program administrators conduct evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) on their efficiency measures, projects, and programs.
Indian Government strategy for the Internet of Things (IoT) (Draft)
This report (in German language) studies the development of ICT-related electricity demand in Germany.
This report by Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP) demonstrates the potential for HEMS as an evolving avenue to deeper residential energy savings. It explains the characteristics of HEMS and examines the major barriers to implementation.
This is an English language executive summary of a French report commissioned by ADEME, examining the energy consumption of ICT equipment in smart grids. Link to full report: http://www.ademe.fr/evaluation-consommation-electrique-couche-tic-smart-grids
Executive Summary, by the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI). Examines the potential of ICT technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
This ECEEE Summer Study paper presents the results of a smart home field trial of 4 homes. It examines how householders have used the systems to improve energy efficiency and enhance security. It concludes with by proposing an analytical framework.
Presents the results of laboratory research looking at active mode and standby mode energy use of 11 commercially available smart lamp models.
A review of results from a trial in the Netherlands. Shares practical lessons on consumer experiences and favourable conditions for market actors. Examines issues such as direct energy use feedback and in-home displays.
McKinsey Report which examines how IoT applications create value for a range of sectors. Focuses on actual “use cases” and estimates potential value using a settings perspective.
Explores new and emerging perspectives on ways to harness significantly greater energy productivity improvements by building on the use of ICT-enabled networks and services. By the Digital Energy & Sustainability Solutions Campaign
This NRDC report assesses the impact of the growing cohort of always-on devices on consumer utility bills. Combines an analysis of usage data from electric utility smart meters with field measurements focusing on idle loads.
Presents a series of thought experiments to indicate economic impacts that might follow from an accelerated deployment of ICT-enabled networks and services. By the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE)
Explores new EM&V approaches, including results from analysis of field data from residential connected thermostats, digital lighting controls, and rooftop unit controllers. An ACEEE Summer Study paper by Callahan, Anthony, Dillavou, Nock and Peterson.
Paper by Nicole Kearney and Geoff Bellingham. This paper proposes recommendations to policy makers based on a real time data collection exercise carried out in the UK, to analyze the “real world usage” of network connected devices
This US characterization framework document proposes a draft plan for how to develop characterization protocols for connected buildings, end-use appliances and equipment.
This book charts a path forward for reducing network standby energy, and identifies which stakeholders are well-placed take the lead in particular areas.
This paper discusses applications of ICT to save energy by improving the efficiency of freight vehicle operation, making better use of the freight network, and reducing ton-miles traveled without compromising business objectives. By the American Council f
Analyses the features and benefits of intelligent efficiency, for use in the industrial sector. By the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE)
Korean Government strategy for the Internet of Things (IoT)
Examines a range of issues that are critical in understanding how networks operate and how products that are connected to a network can minimise the network energy overhead. By the IEA 4E Standby Power Annex
Report by CLASP. Smart appliances have been just around the corner for over two decades. This paper examines why smartness in appliances is so elusive, and reviews recent developments which might finally bring us smartness we can use.
A special report on intelligent efficiency, a new paradigm emerging in the market based on information awareness and data analytics. By Greentech Efficiency
This ACEEE paper defines Intelligent Efficiency and investigates its potential to save energy. Several case studies are described and an economic analysis conducted. Barriers and needs at the national level are assessed.
This IEA-4E report examines equipment secondary functions in order to further quantify their power requirements and provide the technical background for policy.
An analysis of the impact on energy consumption of the growing popularity of accessing cloud services via wireless devices. By the Centre for Energy Efficient Telecommunications
Highlights initial progress in adopting ICT across the US federal government, to meeting sustainability goals. Draws from the 2012 report: “Leading by Example: Using Information and Communications Technology to Achieve Federal Sustainability Goals. By t
Summarises currently available methods for calculating the effects of "Green by IT". By the Japanese Green IT Promotion Council
Presents a vision for a sustainable world through responsible, ICT– enabled transformation. By the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI)
Presents 8 case studies highlighting how the US federal government is using ICT solutions to achieve sustainability goals. By the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)
This ACEEE paper defines intelligent efficiency and provides specific case studies to illustrate its impact. Focused on manufacturing sector, but examples included from commercial buildings, industrial automation and transportation infrastructure.
Outlines a paradigm for describing intelligent efficiency, and presents a number for case studies. By the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE)
Documents progress by the Internet Engineering Task Force to establish a protocol for self-reporting energy information by devices and equipment. By Bruce Nordman for the Australian Government
This GeSI report develops an approach to methodology and standards for measuring the carbon footprint of the ICT sector and other industries through innovative technology.